Grouping Makes Mixing Easier,
Because of SUB groups, it makes mixing a lot easier.
If you had 6 individual tracks, and you wanted to hi-pass filter then all with an EQ (as this clears up the low-end to keep a solid bass track), you would have to do high-pass filter with 6 different EQ’s! — This is very tedious work! So, this is what Sub Groups are great for! Making mixing faster, less stressful, and easier to manage.
If you were to route those 6 tracks into a sub group, you can now use only ONE EQ to hi-pass those 6 tracks, making it a lot easier and quicker!
Compression, EQ, and Effects on Hats,
So let’s say those 6 instruments were 6 individual hats. You have now routed them to a sub bus/sub group (same thing).
If you know anything about the benefits of sends, you can easily route that one sub group over to a delay send, or reverb send, and quickly make that hat loop even fuller! On that send, you can do anything you’d like, and it leaves the original track untouched. This is what makes sends so powerful!
This can go from anywhere like adding major over-compression, giving your hats a fuller, thicker sound, adding reverb to the send, EQ them differently, such as putting a low-pass filter and filtering out some of the highs, and even using FL Studio’s PanOMatic!
Panning Hats All Around
Panning individual tracks works great, I use it all this time, especially on the hats. Panning gives you a wider sounding track, and also creates a lot of variety sounds are bouncing all around, rather than just dead in the middle.
However, there’s a tool inside FL Studio called the Fruity PanOMatic. This VST uses an LFO to modulate your sound.
You can set Fruity PanOMatic up to do auto panning for you, so that your hats, or instrument, goes from left to right slow, or fast. You can even set up Fruity PanOMatic to effect volume levels of each note, giving your track a unique touch (as volume is a huge factor to creating catchy melodies).
Side-Chaining the Hats,
Sidechaining is a very powerful tool, which was not shown in the video, however, it is a very widely used trick. Sidechaining is very noticeable towards any sound, but has a big effect on hats, especially in dance/trance music!
Now, if we’ve routed all our hats onto a sub buss, how easy this makes it to effect all the 6 tracks at once right?
Simply put a compressor on the hat SUB Group, set up side-chaining to the kick, and now you’ll have a bit of a bouncier track, making the hats go down in volume when the kick is played!
Grouping your hats in Sub GROUPS,
This doesn’t just work for hats either, it works great for percussion, or any other kind of loops of the similar! I really like to send my hat and percussion loops over to a delay send, filling up the loop, and EQing out the high-end of the send, making it sound rich and warm!
Also, while talking to Xavier from Xclusive-Audio.com, he gave some input!:
Also, panning can add something extra. Like pan 1 hat to left slightly, maybe 30 percent, and the other center, and the other to the right 30%.
— Xavier, from Xclusive-Audio.com
Overall — Mixing with Sub Groups,
Just in general, sub groups will help you have easier control over your track. Instead of turning down 4 sliders, you turn down 1 ;).
I just personally find, with hi-hats, it makes it very easy to take control of them. I sometimes compress them a bit hard on the sub group to keep them consistent throughout the track, but hey, try it out and see what works good for you!
Another bonus to the sub groups is that the loop stays the same. In other words, when you bring down the volume on the sub group, you are bringing all the sliders down evenly. If you’ve ever tried bringing down sliders individually, and keeping the balance you had in level, I’m sure you’ve lost the balance quite a few times ;).
Also, if you’ve routed individual tracks to send channels, but also have them routed to a sub bus, this will retain the amount of reverb/effects you have applied on the send. If you turn down the volume of an individual slider, it will turn down the amount of reverb according to what the individual track is. Whereas, if you use a sub buss to turn down the volume, the reverb will stay the same on the individual track, you are now just turning down the volume of both that individual track, and the send’s effect evenly!
This keeps the track as it was, but just simply lowering the volume, rather than changing the sound.
Super Hat Mini Series,
Beatstruggles had a short little series on hi-hats. In case you missed it, check out the Super Hat Mini Series post!